Satisfyingly dense and fudgy brownies. This Dairy-free, Gluten-free and Paleo recipe is made with dark chocolate, ground almonds, honey and coconut oil.
A brownie is a flat, baked slice with a rich chocolate flavour and a dense, squidgy interior. They differ from chocolate cakes in the ratio of fat, sugar and flour used. A typical brownie recipe contains only half as much flour, and does not include a chemical raising agent like baking soda. They also tend to use melted chocolate rather than cacao powder for flavouring. Chocolate bakes made with cacao powder have a lighter crumb, whereas those made with melted chocolate have a denser, fudgier texture. This is because cacao powder is a dry ingredient, and comprised almost entirely of cacao solids, whereas chocolate is diluted with cacao butter and sugar. When you take these extra ingredients into account, brownies have a higher proportion of fat and sugar than this simple comparison suggests:
|Chocolate Cake||175g||225g||225g||195g (3)||45ml||50g (cocoa powder)|
|Chocolate Brownies||100g||200g||250g||195g (3)||–||200g (chocolate)|
|Chocolate Cake||19%||25%||25%||21%||5%||5% (cocoa powder)|
|Chocolate Brownies||11%||21%||26%||21%||0%||21% (chocolate)|
Brownies fall into two camps, depending on whether they are dense and fudge-like, or light and cake-like. My recipe falls into the dense, fudge-like camp. To get more cake-like and crumbly brownies, you need to weaken the structure by increasing the ratio of fat. Adding more sugar, meanwhile, will result in a gooier brownie. This recipe contains a higher proportion of flour (19%) and a lower proportion of fat (12%) than a typical brownie recipe. This is because it is made with ground almonds rather than wheat flour. As almonds are high in fat due to their natural oils, you should reduce the amount of fat by 25% when baking with ground almonds. In addition, coconut oil has a higher percentage of saturated fat than butter (92% versus 63%), so I tend to use less to avoid a greasy texture.
|16 small, rich squares|
|Gluten-free Rum & Raisin Chocolate Brownies|